Sweet; flat; by the intestine, stomach, lung.
Spleen appetizer; Pinggan refreshing. The main diet does not eliminate; poor appetite; lack of milk; hypertension;
Persons with qi stagnation should be cautious;
suitable for majority of the people. Especially suitable for low immunity, hypertension, the elderly, and diabetics.
Mushrooms are also known as Agaricus bisporus, White Mushroom, Western Mushroom, Mongolian Mushroom,Meat Mushroom. The names of mushrooms are different in each region, but one mushroom is more common.
According to relevant information, adults can eat 25 grams of fresh mushrooms each day to meet the daily needs of a vitamin, a 70 kg adult eats 100-200 grams of dried mushrooms a day, you can maintain nutritional balance. Mushrooms are high-protein, low-fat, low-calorie foods. Europeans regarded mushrooms as "plant meat," and Americans even regarded mushrooms as "food for God."
The study found that the nutritional value of mushrooms is second only to milk. It is generally believed that meat and bean products contain higher animal protein and vegetable protein respectively. In fact, the protein content of mushrooms is also very high.
The nutritional value of mushrooms
Many mushrooms contain carotene, which can be converted into vitamin A in the human body. Therefore, mushrooms also have the name "vitamin A treasure house."
Other fresh vegetables and fruits are free of vitamin D, with the exception of mushrooms. And, vitamin D content is very rich in bone health. With more intake of vitamin D, osteoporosis can be well prevented.
Trace element selenium has selective killing and inhibiting effects on hepatoma cells, but it has no obvious effect on normal hepatocytes. Obviously, selenium supplementation can be an effective measure for people to prevent liver cancer and prevent liver diseases. The ability of the human body to store selenium is very weak, so it is necessary to regularly eat foods high in selenium to obtain enough selenium.
Mushrooms are a good source of selenium. The selenium contained in mushrooms is not only high in quantity, but also easily absorbed by the body, so you should eat more. Especially people who like to drink, mushrooms can help you stay away from liver disease. People in business circles who are constantly entertaining often walk between cups for work. Don't forget to eat some delicious mushrooms. It can take care of your overburdened liver.
Selenium is still a woman's "treasure trump card." It can promote skin metabolism and anti-aging. The effect of preventing wrinkles is more worth looking forward to.
Mushrooms are also good heart-protective foods, because it is the best element for preventing heart from special care. In addition to bananas, mushrooms also have high levels. Potassium salt protects cardiomyocytes. Antihypertensive drugs that promote sodium excretion often increase potassium excretion and cause potassium deficiency in the body. Therefore, while dietary salt is limited, you should eat more potassium-containing foods.
Mushrooms are also iodine-rich foods.
The lack of iodine in food can cause goiter, therefore, China is forcibly adding potassium iodate in edible salt. Eating more salt can damage blood vessels, but eating less salt may also cause iodine deficiency. Therefore, in order to make up for iodine, you can eat more iodine-rich foods such as mushrooms, sunflower seeds and shrimps.
The protein content of mushrooms is very high, more than 30%, much higher than the average vegetables and fruits. Mushrooms are rich in 18 kinds of amino acids, of which the 8 essential amino acids that the human body cannot synthesize and must take from food, can be found in mushrooms and have a high content. Some mushrooms have even better amino acids than beef. The study found that the nutritional value of mushrooms is second only to milk.
Mushrooms are rich in protein and have digestible rates of 70% to 90%. They are known as "plant meat."
Mushroom contains tyrosinase, so it has lower blood pressure and lipid-lowering effect and is suitable for obese people and the elderly.
Japanese researchers analyzed a powerful anti-cancer substance with a molecular weight of 288 in the active ingredients of mushrooms, which can inhibit the growth of cancer cells, which is 1000 times more potent than anti-cancer substances in green tea. Mushrooms also contain a toxic protein that can effectively prevent cancer cell protein synthesis.
Broad spectrum antibiotic
Mushrooms contain a broad spectrum of antibiotics that are anti-inflammatory and can also treat colds.
Mushrooms are resistant to viruses and protect the liver. The cardiolic acid contained in it is beneficial to the treatment of hepatitis and is a supplementary food for the treatment of hepatitis.
Mushrooms contain crude fiber, semi-rough fiber, and lignin, which are hardly digestible by the human body, can maintain the balance of water in the intestines, absorb the remaining cholesterol and sugar, and excrete it to prevent constipation, colon cancer, arteriosclerosis, diabetes, etc. Are very favorable;
The active ingredients of mushrooms
The active ingredients of mushrooms can enhance the function of T lymphocytes, thereby enhancing the body against various diseases and improving the body's immunity.
In Brazil, a study that extracted a substance Act-2 from mushrooms had analgesic and sedative effects. It is said that its analgesic effect can replace morphine.
Cough and phlegm-removing substances
The mushroom extract used animal experiments and found that it had significant antitussive and thinning effects.
Modern studies have found that mushrooms contain a variety of anti-viral components, and some can also enhance the body's immune function, and even reduce the risk of rejection of patients undergoing organ transplant surgery.
Antioxidants - ergothioneine
Mushrooms contain beta-glucan, which prevents diseases, and rich antioxidants, ergothioneine, help promote the development of the immune system and protect different body tissues such as the eyes, liver, skin, kidneys and bone marrow.
Mushrooms are low-calorie foods that have little calories and do not worry about overdose.
A small amount of mushrooms contains the essence of nature and is a very healthy food. The nutrition in the mushrooms helps heart health and improves immunity. The calorie of each meal is only about 20 kcal, which is much less than eating rice cakes.
Mushrooms also have a detoxifying effect, helping various harmful substances to escape the body and making them light and slender.
If people use 100 grams of mushrooms instead of staple foods such as fried rice for each meal, and insist on a year, even if the diet structure does not make any changes, you can consume less 18,000 calories, which is equivalent to two kilograms of fat. You know, subtracting two kilograms of body weight is not difficult, but losing two kilograms of fat may require you to work hard in the gym for several months.
The efficacy and function of mushrooms
Mushrooms sweet, cool, stomach, large intestine; beneficial God appetizers, phlegm Qi, Spleen Qi Qi effect; attending lack of energy, loss of appetite, hemorrhoids cohesion, vomiting and diarrhea, urine turbid not embolism.
Mushrooms have inhibitory effects on Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi, and Escherichia coli and can be used for sterilization.
The antioxidant capacity of mushrooms is comparable to some brightly colored vegetables such as zucchini, carrots, broccoli, and red peppers.
Mushrooms can also accompany leukopenia, gastrointestinal disorders, etc.; have a certain role in promoting appetite, restore brain function, promote milk secretion.
Mushrooms have medicinal value and have a certain effect on arthritis and other diseases. Scientists hope to extract active ingredients in mushrooms for the treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome, hepatitis C, and even AIDS.
Mushrooms are also a good weight loss beauty food that can make you slim and slim. The mushroom has a low content of fat and carbohydrates, but the protein content is very high, so it is an ideal food for obese people and those who want to maintain a slim body.
Mushrooms also have a detoxifying effect that helps the liver to remove various harmful substances from the body.
Mushrooms have antioxidant properties and are anticancer. Lentinan (a kind of mushroom extract) can improve the body's ability to suppress cancer.
Mushroom types and pictures
Mushrooms are fungal species. There are an estimated 2,000 species of edible mushrooms around the world, of which about 700 are of medicinal value.
Since ancient times, shiitake mushrooms have been known as the “King of the Mountain”. The lentinan contained in it has been proved to be effective against cancer.
High-quality fresh mushrooms dry and complete, uniform color, no brown spots, the edge of the cap within the volume. If the surface of the cap is sticky and flat, it is best not to purchase it. Many consumers like to buy dried shiitake mushrooms. To make shiitake mushrooms taste delicious, it is best to use 60-70 degrees Celsius blisters to dry mushrooms.
Although Pleurotus ostreatus is cheap, its nutritional value is not at all low, and its fat content is very low. Eat Pleurotus ostreatus can not only enhance physical fitness, but also prevent and inhibit cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and have significant curative effects on menopausal syndrome and autonomic dysfunction.
The straw mushroom is very delicious for cooking or soup, and it is also an anti-cancer and anti-cancer mushroom. Straw mushroom is known for its rich in vitamin C and it is more than 1 times higher than the “King of Vitamins” in vegetables. Regular consumption can promote the normal metabolism of the body, accelerate wound healing and prevent scurvy.
Coprinus comatus is thick and crunchy, not only color and aroma, but also has a unique medicinal value. Foreign and domestic experiments have shown that coprinus comatus has obvious effects on the treatment of diabetes. People with diabetes often eat hypoglycemic, and nutrition can also be fully guaranteed.
Hericium erinaceus is a well-known edible mushroom that has a certain therapeutic effect on digestive system diseases, especially esophageal cancer and gastric cancer, and has become one of the main drugs for treating digestive system diseases. Regular consumption can improve the body's immune function and help digestion.
Some Hericium erinaceus will have a bitter taste due to improper picking time, and can be squeezed with water after drying, and the bitterness can be removed by repeating several times.
Agrocybe aegerita is also called tea tree fungus, which contains a variety of amino acids needed by the human body. In particular, the content of 8 kinds of amino acids that the human body cannot synthesize itself is very high. In Fujian folk, people often use Agrocybe sargentifolia to drink water and treat diseases such as stomach cold and nephritis edema, which are called "King mushrooms".
Pleurotus eryngii, also known as Pleurotus ostreatus, is a new variety of rare edible fungus that has been successfully cultivated and used for food, medicine, and diet. The mushroom body has aromas of almonds, thick fleshy, fresh taste, fragrant, nutritious, and can produce dozens of delicacies. It also has functions such as lowering blood fat, lowering cholesterol, promoting gastrointestinal digestion, enhancing immunity of the body, and preventing cardiovascular diseases. It is highly popular and the market price is 3-5 times higher than that of pleurotus ostreatus.